It is what it is. Perception.
It is what it is not. Metaphor.
My mother used to like to recount how one day in preschool, a classmate approached me and asked me, “What are you?” Yes, “what” not “who.” As my mother and teacher eavesdropped, I’m told that I (and this is all my mother, I’m sure) tilted my head in contemplation like some kind of mystic saint (okay, now I’m making stuff up), looked him in the eye, and exclaimed, “I’m Dominic. Just Dominic!” I love this story.
I was acutely aware of my identity from a young age. I just was. Nothing more complex than that. I didn’t need another name, another label. Thanks for asking.
As I grew older, I used to spend my weekend afternoons playing in the yard. I wasn’t throwing a football to myself in touchdown simulations or practicing backflips so I could impress my friends. Instead, I was often crouched with my Matchbox cars at the foot of the dogwood tree or in the earthquake-proof huddle of massive bamboo. From this perspective, my cars were life-sized, the holes in the trunk caves for them to hide, the rough bark slats dangerous roads for them to traverse, the water trickling from the hose a potential cause for a spin-out. If a one-inch black beetle or four-inch slug–both are common in Seattle–happened to scuttle or slime its way into the path of one of my cars, then a battle was sure to ensue. (Note: No beetles or slugs were harmed in the writing of this blog.) Sometimes, in the shadow of the bamboo, I would examine the nodes that punctuated the hard stem wall–and, I kid you not, I distinctly remember one day musing to myself something like, “Those are like the positive or negative events in our life that really stand out, that mark important things and make us who we are.” I’m pretty sure I wrote that down in one of my short-lived diaries.
I was still “just Dominic,” but, as I look back on myself, I began to develop a sense that there was meaning outside myself, outside what things “were.” No one taught me this directly. It felt more innate, something that revealed itself over time. Books could have contributed (Scott O’Dell, C.S. Lewis, the Serendipity series, Old Testament woodcut coloring books). Religion might have contributed (transubstantiation, forgiveness of sins, stained glass windows, incense smoke signals to God). But neither books nor religion told me to focus my perspective and imagination and make tiny things large, or told me that bamboo stalks contain poetry. No one taught me how to interpret (in Latin, “to translate”). Meaning-making kind of just happens, I think.
On July 22nd’s Gallery Night, then, when I dug myself (metaphor) out of my lethargy after a week of some sort of horrific stomach bug (metaphor) contracted in Canada and dragged myself (metaphor) to The Pfister again so that I could enjoy the two new Pop-Up (metaphor) Gallery exhibits and Artist-in-Residence Pamela M. Anderson’s painting to the music of Nineteen Thirteen–it wasn’t surprising to me that my interpretive antennae went into overdrive.
. . . . .
TRANSFORMATION: AN EXHIBITION
An initial browse through the Coalition of Photographic Arts (CoPA) presentation of Transformation: An Exhibition revealed to me a stunning array of interpretations. I went in with no preconceptions or knowledge about the exhibit other than the expectation that I would experience photographic expressions of “transformation,” which CoPA defines on their site as “a thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance; a metamorphosis, renewal, a revolution.” I wasn’t aware before Gallery Night that the exhibit also had a civic component–
“Our city is working hard to reinvent itself, and as individual photographers we endeavor to move outside our comfort zones–to transform the way we interpret subjects.”
–nor was I aware of the process by which photographs were created, juried, and displayed.
It was curious to me, then, why all the placards mentioned the surfaces or substrates on which the photographs were printed: “the toothiness of the paper” (nice metaphor!), “the canvas substrate,” “the rich, elegant surface,” “the high-tech, rigid, durable feel of the material.” Even more curious, coming from an educational background, were the descriptions of each work that struck me as quite similar to assignment or learning objectives: “This assignment will ___.” “The student will ___.” Each followed a similar template:
“The paper will enhance the graininess of the photo.”
“The high-tech, rigid durable feel of the material will match the industrial subject of the photo.”
“The cold look and feel of metallic relates to the cold feel of the image.”
“There is a soft, dreamlike sense to the image that fits with the sophisticated look and feel of the paper.”
I learned that photographers submitted their work to CoPA, and selections were juried by the Haggerty Museum of Art, who determined how Prime Digital Media (PDM) should print each work. Pam Ferderbar, CoPA president, explained it this way in The Shepherd Express:
“The transformation occurs when you take a digital image and apply it to a surface that has the ability to not only provide a tactile experience, but that literally conveys the emotion of the subject.”
I studied Melody Carranza’s 3 Kings, Ruth Yasko’s ethereal Mannequins, and Dennis Darmek’s watercolor-like Swimmer. I wondered how 3 Kings would change if it were applied to something other than Sunset Metallic Photo Paper, whether some of the dreaminess of Mannequins would be lost on something other than Luster Premium Photo Paper, or if the liquid sunlight in one my favorites, Swimmer, could be achieved only on Big Jet Universal Photo Gloss Paper. I have every confidence that the Haggerty jurors chose wisely, because these three photographs and the dozen others are revealed in dramatic and moving ways by their surfaces.
I started thinking about how our daily lives are affected by the “surfaces” and “textures” in them: the ones we apply ourselves, the ones that others bring, the ones that pre-exist as part of our daily landscape.
If your day is textured from the outset by insomnia and an annoyingly blaring alarm, then God help the poor co-workers who will experience your rough demeanor the rest of the day. If your day, however, is textured with sunrise yoga and perfectly brewed coffee, then those same co-workers might be smiled upon by your yogic brightness. It matters, doesn’t it, whether others intentionally or unintentionally texture your day with nettling emails or mean gossip rather than meaningful conversation and positive reinforcement. It matters whether the sky is sunny or rainy, whether the news is uplifting or depressing, whether the pavement is rough or smooth. Most of all, I think, everything depends on what surface or substrate we choose to apply ourselves to each day–no matter what the world has determined for us.
YOSEMITE & THE TETONS
I made my way to the back of the gallery, where a companion exhibit, Yosemite and the Tetons, features the photography of CoPA founding member Tom Ferderbar. A celebration of the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service, these photographs capture the majesty of two of our national treasures, both on a small scale (as in the rock at Mirror Lake or a black barn in a field at the base of the Tetons) and a large scale (as in Bridalveil Fall or Tetons #5). I got a chance to talk to Mr. Ferderbar, who studied under Ansel Adams in his Yosemite National Park workshop. He began by describing the difference between amateur photographs (like the ones I took on my recent visit to Yosemite) and professional ones:
I’ve been to so many other national parks, but the photos I took there were just snapshots. To shoot a particular mountain or scene, you have to think about the purpose of shooting it and go without your family, camera out the window. You have to go by yourself or with an assistant.
Getting more specific, Ferderbar pointed out two of the photographs hanging in the exhibit, Teton Moonset #1 (July 2012) and Teton Moonset Black and White (July 2012):
Thanks to the Internet, I could find out exactly when the moon would still be up even after the sun had already risen. By the time I took the photo, unfortunately, smoke had moved in from a forest fire. I had taken into account the topographic quadrangles, gotten to my spot an hour before, watched the moon moving down, sometimes having to move 100 yards or so to get the right angle. By the time I took the photo, unfortunately, smoke had moved in from a forest fire–you can see the glow in the clouds. The sun wasn’t right.
He rendered the photo in color and black and white, saying he prefers the black and white because it obscures the glow from the clouds that he hadn’t been going for, but also because it creates a wholly new texture and mood. The white of the snow pops out differently, the moon creates a sense of mystery as it punctuates an otherwise dark landscape. As Ferderbar described this process, which I hope I’m rendering correctly, I couldn’t help but think about how he was describing the effect that atmospheric textures–and the time of day and I imagine even the temperature, as well as the forest fire, whether natural or man-made–had on this piece.
When I asked him what his favorite non-planned photographs were, he pulled up his website on his phone to show me a few from his Miscellaneous collection.
- He likes the striking colors and textures in Record Shop, San Francisco CA (1968), the criss-cross of red and green framing the windows, the rusted cream fire hydrant in the foreground, the confetti-like litter.
- A photo of his uncle is titled Soldier on WWII Furlough and it seems like a pretty straightforward portrait, but he appreciates the peculiar heft and angle of the cropped car on the left, his almost silhouetted uncle, standing stiffly with his right foot resting on the door ledge, a dog, left foot in motion, trotting toward him in the snow, with a weathered barn in the background against a white winter sky.
- He took Dusk, Melcher Hotel, Milwaukee WI (1958) with a 35mm wide angle lens. Because the photo is way underexposed and the picture so tiny, it looks like blue film grain. It appears almost pointillistic to me. Ferderbar likes that there is a human component to the otherwise static photo: two guys sitting on the brightly lit steps to the hotel, which is where the Performing Arts Center is now.
- Finally, when he showed me Plane and Birds, Milwaukeee WI Airport (1975), I told him how much it reminded me of the photo stills that make up the 1962 French classic La Jetée and he mused about how he knew the guy that was in charge of Midwest Airlines at the time and he let him sit at the end of the runway in order to get his shot of a plane landing, a flock of birds peppering the sky in front of it just as he took it.
Just like the photos in Transformation are transformed by the surfaces and textures to which they’ve been applied, Ferderbar’s photos express to me a similar metaphor: Sometimes we can plan for hours, days, even months for the perfect shot or experience, and sometimes we are pleased with the product, sometimes surprised by the unexpected outcomes. Sometimes, too, that shot-on-the-fly or that spontaneous experience can reveal shapes and patterns and textures that we could have never planned.
I like that Ferderbar shared both kinds of photographs with me.
PAMELA M. ANDERSON, FEATURING NINETEEN THIRTEEN
I rounded off my evening in the Rouge Ballroom by experiencing a unique texture experiment that synthesized the experimental music of Nineteen Thirteen and the abstract painting of Pfister Artist-in-Residence Pamela M. Anderson.
I could try to do justice to Nineteen Thirteen musical stylings, but feel I should simply quote from their website’s homepage:
A cello crafted in Romania in the year 1913 is processed through today’s technology and framed by the percussion of Violent Femmes founding member Victor DeLorenzo.
Cellist and composer Janet Schiff creates multi-layered, electrically amplified cello loops to the solid pulse of stereo drum rhythms. They interact in a sassy and superb fashion.
The cello is from 1913 and the music is from today.
Sassy and superb indeed. At one point DeLorenzo drove–yes, like a car–his Zildjian cymbal, eventually using his snares to accompany Schiff in a plucking, strolling ostinato rhythm. She began layering on top of that a Spanish dance melody which I soon realized was Maurice Ravel’s Bolero.
In another sassy move, DeLorenzo tipped over one drum, then his cymbals, then the other drum, lifted each and dropped them, stamped his feet on the stage to rattle them, tapped the side of the drum, and used untraditional parts of each instrument as Schiff worked in tandem with the languorous bowing of her cello.
When it came time for Anderson to paint, Schiff’s plucking reminded me of the Japanese koto Sakura, her bowing more classical, and DeLorenzo would lightly tap the drums for awhile, then his snares would sweep the drum head in long circles, then rattle the sides with expressive bursts. The audience witnessed–perhaps for the first and only time–Anderson’s entire creative process, one shaped and textured by the music that Nineteen Thirteen was inviting her to interpret on paper. In fact, Anderson used as one of her painting tools some of DeLorenzo’s snares.
Anderson was most influenced, she says, by “Victor’s drama and wanting to end the painting with a flourish.” Her flourish? The sudden and surprising addition of periwinkle blue.
This was a perfect example of how texture–this time, musical texture–could influence how a person created her world. If Schiff’s cello or DeLorenzo’s drums had performed any differently, would periwinkle have appeared? Where would the red have emerged–and how? The black diagonal?
. . . . .
It is what it is.
It is what it is not.
I’ll always live in the first. But I’ll always prefer the latter, because interpretation has allowed me from a young age to see my world differently and wonderfully. It has allowed CoPA to transform photographer’s visions by layering them on one substrate versus another. It has allowed Tom Ferderbar to capture mystery where there might not have been or beauty in what would normally be ignored or passed by. And it has allowed Nineteen Thirteen and Pamela M. Anderson to create newness with every bow, pluck, snare, or stroke.